Abdomen / Pelvis Anatomy Viva Questions for 2nd Year MBBS

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This blog post contains important viva questions of Abdomen / Pelvis Anatomy for 2nd Year MBBS. They were collected from oral exam (viva) stations by students of Bolan Medical College and were compiled by Usman Ahmad (batch 2014-15).

When you screw up in the Anatomy stage / test after giving all your efforts. 😛





Important Anatomy Viva Questions of Abdomen / Pelvis for 2nd Year MBBS


DR. TARIQ BAZAI (Senior Demonstrator, Bolan Medical College, Quetta)


  1. Level of testicular and ovarian arteries.
  2. Relations of abdominal esophagus
  3. Caval-Caval Anastomosis and Paraumblical veins
  4. In which condition “Extravasation of Urine” occurs?
  5. Differentiate between direct and indirect Inguinal Hernia?
  6. What are the sex differences of the pelvis?
  7. Arteries of the pelvis
  8. Sacral Plexus
  9. Tell me the blood supply of RECTUM.
  10. Volvulus of the SIGMOID Colon
  11. Blood supply of the Ureter
  12. How do you examine the prostate?
  13. What is the position of the ovary? Name the structures which provide its support mechanism?
  14. The Rectouterine Pouch (Pouch of Douglas)
  15. Which structures would you be able to palpate ANTERIOR, POSTERIORLY and LATERALLY upon male rectal examination?
  16. What is Processus Vaginalis?
  17. Muscles of anterior abdominal wall
  18. Muscles innervated by ilioinguinal nerve
  19. Relation of Bile Duct
  20. What is Calot’s Triangle, it’s significance and relations?
  21. What is Murphy Sign?
  22. Enumerate the coverings of Testis?
  23. Position of PANCREAS, it’s relations of head and blood supply?
  24. Tell me the layers of Scrotum
  25. What is “Torsion of Testis”?
  26. Hydrocele of Testis?
  27. All parts of Duodenum and their relations > What is Dudodenal Cap?
  28. What is Epiploic foramen OR Foramen of Winslow OR Omental foramen > Boundaries & Contents
  29. Enumerate types of surgerical incesions for abodomen?
  30. Enumerate the Porto-Systemic Anastomoses and their sigificance?
  31. Position and function of Ligament of Treitz
  32. What is Merckel’s Diverticulum?
  33. Relations of Urinary Bladder?
  34. Portal triad content
  35. Superficial inguinal ring and contents
  36. Origin and insertion of external oblique
  37. Rectus sheath and contents
  38. Falciform ligament and content
  39. Renal stones second name
  40. Segments of liver
  41. Mc-burney’s point
  42. Which plane lies on L3
  43. Trans-pyloric plane
  44. Blood supply of antero-lateral wall of abdomen
  45. Rectus abdominis muscle origin and insertion
  46. Abnormal and mal descent of Testes
  47. Foregut organs
  48. Major duodenal papilla significance
  49. Retroperitoneal structures
  50. Celiac trunk branches
  51. Ectopic Testes
  52. Ulcers of duodenum
  53. Duodenal cap
  54. Petit triangle
  55. Internal oblique origin
  56. Aorta relations
  57. Mesentery contents
  58. Portal systemic anastomosis
  59. Kidney relations
  60. Ascending colon relations
  61. Ulcers of esophagus
  62. Stomach bed
  63. Lymphatic drainage of stomach
  64. Parts of large intestine
  65. Blood supply of scrotum
  66. Drainage of testicular vein
  67. Similarity between psoas and transversalis fascia
  68. Descending colon relations
  69. Roots of mesentery

DR. SHUMAILA (Demonstrator, Bolan Medical College, Quetta)



  1. Length of parts of duodenum
  2. Positions of appendix
  3. Least common position of appendix
  4. Arterial supply almost all
  5. Spermatic cord
  6. Hydrocele
  7. Hernia
  8. Tributaries of vena cava
  9. Blood supply of ureter
  10. Inguinal hernia
  11. Falciform ligament
  12. Coronary ligament
  13. Rectus sheath
  14. Lymphatic drainage of anterior abdominal wall
  15. Nerve supply of Ureter
  16. Lesser sac
  17. Greater sac
  18. Boundaries of lesser and greater sac
  19. Abdominal planes
  20. Ureter relations
  21. Supra and infra colic compartments
  22. Length of appendix
  23. Anterior posterior and lateral branches of Aorta
  24. Cremasteric fascia origin and significance
  25. Transversalis fascia
  26. At which level esophagus pierce the diaphragm



SPECIAL THANKS TO: Usman Ahmad (Session 2014-15, Bolan Medical College)

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